By Farzeen Amin
Imagine if the world was created in a uniform manner, all the flowers had same color and fragrance, all the animals had same patterns, all the lands were same and all the people had same features and same color. How monotonous and unattractive the world would look .All of us are created by the same creator. There is one Almighty God who has created a diverse and a beautiful world. The diversity among Asians, Africans, Americans and Europeans is like a bouquet of different flowers. Each flower has its unique color and fragrance, the variety makes it amazingly beautiful. None of the creation is superior to any other. The world has suffered wars and so many valuable lives have lost for teaching the lesson of equality.
The native Africans have suffered slavery for centuries. The discrimination of color had made them slaves and the whites as master. The tradition of black slavery had been practiced in mostly every part of the world. Many leaders fought for the rights of African black people but one of them marked a true success. Nelson Mandela is titled as the father of nation of South Africa. Majority of population in South Africa is of black people but they were governed and ruled by the whites for decades. In 1948 South African government announced the deadly system of apartheid. Apartheid was system of state in which the blacks were officially regressed by the state by taking multiple rights from them including the right to govern a state. Nelson Mandela spent most years of his life fighting against the unjust system.
Nelson Mandela was born in Mvezo, British South Africa in a royal Thembu family on 18th July 1918. Mandela’s birth name was Rohlihlala. When he entered junior school his teacher named him Nelson. He completed his degree of law from University of Ford Hare and University of Witwatersrand. Later Nelson Mandela started his practice as lawyer in Johannesburg. Mandela had always dreamt to contribute the struggle of black people rights. He wanted to bring change for his people. In 1943 he joined African National Congress party and started his political journey. In 1944 he cofounded Youth League to promote youth for participation in politics. Apartheid of 1948 made him stand at the forefront against the white government. He had decided to overthrow the cruel government. Initially he started the movement with peaceful protests but the protest kept getting violent with time.
In 1962 Nelson Mandela was arrested and imprisoned for life. The imprisonment could not contain him from continuing the movement of securing black rights.The movement continued for decades and the South Africa was at brink of falling apart with the civil war. After 27 years on imprisonment finally Mandela was released in 1990 by President F. W. de Klerk. He negotiated to end apartheid and provide African black population with every right. After a long struggle Nelson Mandela contested the presidential election from African National Party and became the first ever black president of South Africa in 1994. As a president he worked to ensure and secure black people rights, he opened cases for the previous abuse with black people, he helped black people to claim their properties. Finally equality was created between colored and white population. He remained the President of South Africa until 1999 and refused to run for second term as his political motive as already been achieved. He spent the rest of his life in the charitable work. His prime motive was eradication poverty and the fight against HIV/AIDS. The Nelson Mandela Foundation was made for the welfare of the state. He died on 5th December 2013 but his teachings remained immortal.
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