Ellen Key who was a famous Swedish writer from 18th century once said; “corporal punishment is as humiliating for him who gives it as for him who receives it” corporal punishment is the technique primitively used by teachers as the remedy for the indiscipline behavior of a student.
The corporal punishments usually includes canning, brutal spanking, smacking, making a student do sit ups to the level of their exhaustion. The policy makers who are in favor of corporal punishments usually justify it by taking support of a number of anecdotes without any empirical or scientific evidence of their justifications.
The practice of corporal punishments had a great popularity in old times where teachers were given the equivalent authority as parents over a child. American academy of pediatrics once issued a report based on the rationale given by people supporting the idea of corporal punishment.
According to this report people derives some believes out of some cultural and religious norms without having in depth knowledge of it. They believes it as a source of building moral character, enhancing discipline, to make student respect his teacher and other figures of authority and above all they treat corporal punishment as a right of teacher.
There has been a long debate on different international forums of the world related to the issue where a number of pediatrics and psychologists proved it scientifically that corporal punishments harm a student instead of benefitting him. It gave rise to an environment which is not suitable for learning moreover the outcome of these punishments can lead to antisocial behaviors and declining academic performance of child, an increase in aggressive behavior and it may incorporate a feeling of self destruction or destruction of others .
The psychologists also talked about a number of methods which are psychologically proven more effective than physical punishments these methods includes like praising a student, discussing his problems and the importance of values with him and by sharing stories of positive role models with them.
According to an American survey students who are bitten in schools are more prone to be indulged in negative activities like addiction of drugs of abuse, addiction of pornography, pick pocketing etc.
The practice of corporal punishment was first criminalized by Poland in the latter half of 17th century. Soviet Union also banned the practice after world war the second and by 2015 many countries across the globe has abolished this practice but unfortunately many countries from the continent of Africa and Asia are still sticking to it.
In Pakistan the bill against corporal punishments was passed in 2013 but despite the bill many cases of brutal physical torture on students in schools are reported now and then in June this year a teacher was sent on 3 days remand by magistrate for beating an innocent girl of 10 years till she succumbed with injuries. In 2016 a similar case has shocked the nation when 13 years old boy was brutally tortured in a cadet school of larkana the child stayed bed reddened and mute for months kept on nastrogastric feeding due to the injuries of internal organ of his gastric tract.
These were the examples of a few reported cases but there are hundreds of the cases which are not reported because of the cumbersome and incompetent legal system of the country which provides many loop holes for a criminal to escape the punishment.
Tortures like these are performed in wars and jails which are now being used in some of the schools in Pakistan many children of our country could not explore their talents because of excessive amount of fear in their minds which overshadows their capabilities. We as nation need to stand against violence in schools in order to become a progressive nation.
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