Climate Change becomes Global Challenge

By:Fatima hassan

Currently, everyone is worried about climate change as the climate of the globe is changing rapidly. In this article, I am going to highlight the causes of climate change and its reasons; I will also give some useful tips to reduce its threat.

Before discussing the causes of climate change and its solution, let us know about climate change; its definition and importance.

Climate change is the increase in normal surface temperatures on Earth. Generally, climate change is also called global warming. However, the second name of climate change is global warming. According to a scientific agreement, the climate is changing mostly due to the burning of fossil fuels which releases carbon dioxide and extra greenhouse gasses into the air.

These gasses ambush high temperature within the atmosphere, which strongly affects on ecosystems, like rising sea levels, severe weather events, and droughts that provide landscapes more at risk to wildfires.

A global scientific community is agreed on the fact of climate change which is real. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Aeronautics & Space Administration, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration correspond that climate change is indeed occurring and is almost certainly due to human activity.

Let us know the causes of climate change

There are two major causes of climate change:

I.      The burning of fossil fuels, such as oil and coal, which emits greenhouse gases into the atmosphere—primarily carbon dioxide.

II.     Human activities, such as agriculture and deforestation, also contribute to the production of greenhouse gases that cause climate change.

 What are the effects of climate change?


 Climate change has a strong effect on earth temperature. The earth’s average temperature has increased up to 1.4° F over the past century and is continuously increasing. And the average temperature throughout the last Ice Age was about 4º F lower than it is at present.

The climate change is mounting up sea levels due to the melting of the polar ice caps. The damage of storm and hot ocean temperatures are linked with stronger and more frequent storms; additional rainfall, particularly during severe weather events, leads to flooding and other damage; an increase in the frequency and harshness of wildfires threaten habitats, homes, and lives. These heat waves contribute to human deaths and further fatal consequences.

Wrapping up

Although agreement among more or less all scientists, scientific organizations, and governments is that climate change is happening and is caused by human activity, some questions arise in the minds of handful people about the validity of such assertions. However, these questions cast doubt on the prevalence of evidence. Those who deny the fact of the climate change often claim that recent changes attributed to human activity can be seen as part of the natural differences in climate and temperature of Earth.

Whereas the second is by and large true, decades of data and analysis support the reality of climate change contributing to the human factor in this procedure. At any rate, economists have the same opinion that trying to reduce fossil fuel emissions would be far less expensive than dealing with the consequences of not doing so.